How to plant kale indoors
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The super food kale has found its way into our salads, snacks and even our Thanksgiving dinner. If you cringe at the thought of eating this healthful veggie, try easing into this trend with baby leaf kale. Baby leaf kale has a milder and sweeter flavor than mature kale. The Italian Tuscan baby leaf kale is ready to harvest from seed in about 25 days. Try growing a few plants indoors this winter.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: How to plant Kale from SeedContent:
- Find Out How to Grow Kale Indoors
- Growing Kale.
- 10 Tips for Growing Kale This Fall
- Tips for Growing Kale Indoors
- How to grow Kale – in the garden, pot or balcony.
- How to Grow Kale Anywhere (Guide)
- How to Grow Kale Indoors
- Kale Seed Germination, Temperature, Time, Process
- How to grow Kale successfully in India
- Your Guide to Growing Kale Indoors
Find Out How to Grow Kale Indoors
Note: Each section on this page contains multiple topics. You will need to click on the tabs in each section for more information. Kale are classified as brassica vegetables cole crops and belong to the mustard family of plants. These Brassicaceae plants were formerly classified as cruciferous plants.
Brassica vegetables include cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, kohlrabi, Brussels sprouts, radish, turnip, rutabaga, Chinese cabbage, mustard greens and mustard cabbage bok choi or pak choi.
Since all of these plants share a recent common ancestor, they all have very similar growing recommendations and problems. While they are quite similar, there are some key differences to ensure best success so we've broken these into separate articles for easier instruction.
Kale is high in vitamins A, C and K, folate, riboflavin and fibre. Harvard School of Public Health recommends eating them no more than once a week.
The Canadian Food Guide recommends that roughly half of the food on your plate should be fruits and vegetables. Brassicas grow best in well-draining, moist soil. You can improve your soil's ability to hold moisture by adding organic matter such as compost or aged, composted manure.
Do not use fresh manure as a soil additive. If you think your soil needs remediation, see our Soils and soilless mixes page for detailed advice. As a leafy vegetable, kale not require full sun to produce well and can tolerate some shade. However, they will not be successful in very shady areas. Kale can be grown in containers, outdoors or indoors. Kale not typically suitable for most hydroponic, straw bale, or other alternative growing methods.
Kale grows to maturity between 48 to 60 days. They can be direct seeded and may also be grown as transplants for an earlier start in the garden. Transplants can be grown in your own home or purchased from a local greenhouse. Fertilizing recently planted seeds or young seedlings is not recommended. The first leaves that grow are not true leaves.
They are "seed leaves" called cotyledons and are shaped like a capital B. All leaves that grow after these are true leaves.
Once your seedling is mature enough to grow true leaves, you can begin to fertilize two times per week using water-soluble fertilizer.
Mix according to label directions. Harden off transplants prior to planting out by moving them outdoors into a sheltered, frost-free location at least 3 days prior to transplanting. Don't forget to label what you planted. It's also helpful to draw a map to help you track planting locations and success each year. This information is critical if you're rotating your crops to help prevent insect and disease issues.
Brassicas tend to attract kale moths and flea beetles. If you're planning to stay pesticide-free, it's important to use row covers to prevent insect damage. This is especially critical if you're located near canola fields. Row covers should be installed very soon after planting, long before the insects arrive.
If you have had cutworm problems in your garden, place a collar around your transplants right after planting. Make collars out of toilet paper rolls, or any tin can or plastic container such as a yogurt container with both ends removed. Insert the collar at least 5 cm in the ground to prevent cutworms from feeding on the stems of your transplants.
The following cultivars are recommendations from the University of Saskatchewan vegetable program field trials, which were conducted from throughAlthough this information is no longer current, some may find it useful.
Kale is best grown as transplants in the far north if large plants are desired. They can also be direct seeded if harvesting younger tender leaves. Kale can be grown in a container outdoors. Choose a container that is at least 8 liters 2 gallons or larger. See: Vegetable container gardening. Seeds are expected to be shelf-stable for one year from date of sale if purchased from a reputable retailer. If you wish to save your seeds beyond that, you should store them in the fridge in a jar.
Seeds lose viability quickly if they dry out too much or get too warm. Seeds stored under less favourable conditions will show poor germination after just a single year of storage. Beyond this, you can expect your germination rates to go down ie. To test your seeds, you can do a simple germination test. Follow the link for instructions. If you are still getting some seeds germinating, seed more thickly and thin any extra. Kale are biennials and set seed in their second year of growth when grown in a warmer climate.
Since they do not survive a prairie winter, seed saving is not recommended. As our climate continues to change, this may become a viable option for prairie gardeners in the future.
Check your seed package for days to maturity. The leaves can be harvested anytime but kale leaves are more tender when harvested young. Loosen the soil around the kale with a fork take care not to bruise or damage it and pull the entire plant from the ground. Remove the leaves. For ongoing harvest, remove a few outer leaves from each plant, leaving several leaves in the centre. Kale will continue to grow more leaves from the centre.
Kale doesn't have a particularly high respiration rate. While it is important to keep them cool during harvest, as it is with most vegetables, it isn't critical. Kale can be stored in the refrigerator for a few weeks to a month see below for details. If you're hoping to store longer than a month, you will need to use other preservation methods such as freezing , fermenting , canning or drying. Kale can be steamed, boiled or sauteed as a side dish or added to stir fry, soups, stews or casseroles.
Kale plants are relatively low maintenance. Providing their water, light and soil needs are managed they don't tend to get a lot of issues. Ensuring that you maintain healthy soil with adequate organic matter and use row covers to prevent insect problems will go a long way towards preventing most issues. This is likely flea beetle damage. They prefer feeding on seedlings, especially the cotyledons which are the seed leaves, the first leaves to emerge before the true leaves.
You can re-seed, but cover the row with row cover to prevent flea beetle damage. Comparison of standard and organic pesticides as well as herbal products for the control of insect pests in cabbage: Wist et alClubroot disease research. Kale Public workshops and events. Growing outdoors Growing in containers Saving seeds Harvest Storage Cooking and preserving Troubleshooting Common questions Research and student activities.
On this page Growing outdoors Growing in containers Saving seeds Harvest Storage Cooking and preserving Troubleshooting Common questions Research and student activities. Top tips Brassicas Nutrition Kale is a member of the brassica family, grown for its leaves.
Kale is a fairly easy vegetable to grow on the prairies but since it is related to canola, is also prone to a number of insect problems. Row covers are recommended to keep pests at bay. Kale can be direct seeded into the garden in early spring and re-seeded a few times during the season.
After seeding kale in the garden, hold off thinning until mid-June. Because of the intense insect pressure on brassicas in the prairies, some of the plants will be lost to insect damage, unless row covers are used. Kale seed works well for sprouts or microgreens. Growing outdoors Where to plant Transplants Planting Recommended cultivars Care once planted Fall seeding In the far north Videos and downloadables Relevant articles Click on the tabs above for more information!
Starting your own kale plants from seed Start transplants about 5 - 6 weeks prior to transplanting out. In Saskatoon, your plant out date is around May 13 so you can start your transplants around the first week of April. Sow seeds 0. Soilless media provides a disease-free environment as well as excellent drainage to minimize root disease problems. Seed 2 - 3 seeds per pot and then thin to the strongest plant after they have grown their first set of true leaves. Use flats, pots or containers with bottom drainage holes.
Good lighting is crucial for the growth of healthy seedlings. Brassica seedling transplants require a minimum of 14 hours of light each day. Leave a fan blowing on your young seedlings as they grow to will help to grow heartier plants and to reduce some seedling diseases. Research has shown that stem diameter can be increased and height controlled by providing seedlings with constant air movement from an oscillating fan — or by lightly brushing seedling tops with a tea towel or stick at least 20 times daily.
For more details, check out our article on growing your own transplants. The ideal brassica transplant: is approximately cm tall. Transplants that are too tall will tend to break and dry out more easily once planted out into the garden.
Kale has become an increasingly popular choice of leafy greens in the last decade. And why not? This nutrient-dense veggie pairs well with almost every meal. Sandwiches, pizza, pastas, soups, smoothies — you name it — you can integrate kale into all of them. Instead of worrying about the time of year to plant kale, grow your own inside! And if you live in a city or somewhere with less outdoor gardening space, growing kale indoors can be the perfect solution.
If you wish, you can begin kale seeds indoors as long as the temperature stays under 75 degrees. To plant indoors, simply plant the kale.
10 Tips for Growing Kale This Fall
Question: Can I grow kale indoors? Which varieties will grow betting inside? Answer: Yes, you can grow kale indoors and enjoy this leafy green vegetable year-round, regardless of your climate. Use a seed tray that has holes to provide drainage, and fill the tray with three or four inches of soilless seed starting mix. A soilless seed starting mixture meant for growing vegetables is best. Plant two or three kale seeds per cell by covering them with half an inch of seed starting mix. If the seed starting mixture feels dry after seeds are planted, use your spray bottle to moisten it again. If the seed tray came equipped with a plastic lid, cover the tray with the lid. Otherwise, cover it loosely with a plastic bag to keep the humidity high in the container.
Tips for Growing Kale Indoors
Kale is a cool-season crop, that is a member of the cabbage family and a healthy leafy green vegetable. It is one of the most popular and nutritious vegetables around the world, and its popularity is steadily increasing in India. The Scientific name of Kale is Brassica oleracea; it belongs to the same species of Cabbage , Broccoli , and Cauliflower , but it does not form any heads. Kale is one of the best low-calorie foods, loaded with vitamin and minerals.
Kale is a versatile green that provides healthy benefits all year round.
How to grow Kale – in the garden, pot or balcony.
Both easy to start and low maintenance to grow, kale deserves a space in your garden! Kale germination time is so quick. Growing kale is easy and this leafy green veggie heaps with antioxidants like Vitamin C and beta-carotene. Kale is a biennial plant, meaning it takes two years to go through its full growth cycle. The second year, kale goes to seed for future sowing.
How to Grow Kale Anywhere (Guide)
Yup, kale is pretty amazing — and a great way to get more of it is by growing your own. Just three or four plants can supply a family of four with a nice weekly harvest. You don't even need a backyard; kale grows great in containers, too, like this Dura Cotta Planter Bowl. Just make sure your pot has at least a inch diameter and use well-draining potting mix. Though kale will produce in warm weather, it has a tendency to become woody and bitter. Direct seeds will mature in 55 to 75 days, while transplants will speed up the process, ready for harvest in about 30 to 40 days. Plant your crop again in the fall, six to eight weeks before the first expected frost — you can keep harvesting even after snowfall. Plant more seeds or transplants every two to three weeks for a long, continuous harvest.
You need loose, well-drained soil to grow Kale. Make even rows 18 inches apart, and direct sow your seeds about cm deep. Cover your seeds.
How to Grow Kale Indoors
Note: Each section on this page contains multiple topics. You will need to click on the tabs in each section for more information. Kale are classified as brassica vegetables cole crops and belong to the mustard family of plants.
Kale Seed Germination, Temperature, Time, ProcessRELATED VIDEO: Growing Kale - Seed to Harvest
The time has come for the heir to the Kale Throne to share to his loyal followers how they can grow their very own kale! I know you all love kale, and purchase it regularly… but did you ever consider growing your own from the seeds?! It is bold, flavourful, incredibly versatile and just a truly healthy, nutrient dense choice that tastes as good raw as it does cooked. Most importantly though, it happens to be my personal favourite vegetable and those who follow me on social media will be no stranger to that. Not only do I consume kale every single day, but I also own numerous kale-themed socks and shirts. Not sure where to start?
Collards and kale Brassica oleracea var. Collards produce large, smooth, thick leaves, while kale leaves are curly, ruffled or lobed on the edges.
How to grow Kale successfully in India
Brassica napus This variety is sweeter and more tender than other kales, especially during warm weather. The red-veined bunching leaves will also tolerate extreme cold which deepens the color. All of these crops are relatively cold hardy and perform best in cool, moderate climates with consistent moisture and a soil pH of 6. Excessively high temperatures may result in tough, bitter kale leaves. As the plants grow, thin to one plant every 8—12 inches, eating the thinnings. To start seedlings indoors, fill starter trays with a sterile seed starting mix.
Your Guide to Growing Kale Indoors
Or maybe you just want to dip your toes into gardening with some easy indoor projects. As for lighting, kale grows best in hours of full sun, so a grow light running for at least 10 hours a day up to 18 is adequate. For one, you can keep growing kale days a year no matter what the conditions are outside.